Karachi 6th least liveable city in the world

Karachi ranks among the 10 least liveable cities in the world

Pakistani megacity Karachi has ranked among the 10 least liveable cities in the world in The Economist (EIU) 2016 ranking released this week.

In the 140-city Liveability Ranking survey, Karachi ranked 6th worst along with Algiers.

Karachi has an estimated population of over 20 million. The official figure is 16.126 million.

With 134th ranking out of 140, Karachi could have easily hit the rock bottom.

Related: In Pakistan, electricity shortages & crime are two biggest problems

According to EIU, Karachi had one of the lowest scores for stability (crime and conflict, 20, rock-bottom) and for culture and environment (38.7, rock-bottom). However, a modest score for education (66.7) helped keep it from topping the worst ranking.


See some other indices on Pakistan:

Pakistani nationality ranks second least valuable in the world

Everything about Pakistan’s competitiveness – in 10 photos

Pakistan 15th most powerful military in the world

In World Bank’s 2016 Doing Business Report, Pakistan ranks 138

Pakistan at rock bottom in Human Capital Index 2015

Pakistan world’s 14th most fragile country

Pakistan ranks 5th in terrorism-affected countries list

As S Asia ups economic game, Pakistan risks falling behind: WSJ. The question is why?

Pakistan #106 in Good Country Index


The EIU (Economist Intelligence Unit) report – 2016 Liveability Ranking – which ranks the best and worst cities to live in the world, provides scores out of 100 for lifestyle challenges in 140 cities worldwide.

2016 Liveability Ranking criteria below:

Criteria for best and worst cities to live in the world

The five-category ranking takes into account healthcare, education, infrastructure, safety, and the threat of terrorism. It then gives an overall mark out of 100.


Related:

Karachi to be 7th largest megacity by 2030: UN

Pakistan world’s least expensive country: World Bank

Peshawar is the world’s second most polluted city

2050: What if cities ruled the world?

Groundbreaking of Karachi’s Green Line Bus project

Karachi’s Killers by FP’s Ivan Sigal


Below: Melbourne in Australia topped the 2016 ranking of most liveable cities.

ten most liveable cities

According to Business Insider, some of the world’s major cities are becoming tougher places to live due to rising political and social unrest, as well as growing threats of terrorism.


Pakistan: The brighter side:

Harvard predicts Pakistan GDP to grow by 5% over next 10 years

Forbes calls Pakistan the next Colombia success story, asks US to see beyond security lens

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects pick up pace

$46B China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: 15 years, 3 routes, 51 projects

$7.6B 1,800km TAPI gas pipeline to be operational in 2018

Bloomberg on Pakistan’s economic revival, construction boom

Naya Pakistan: Travel from Pindi to Islamabad in 20¢ in wifi-ed AC bus

Rs 154B Orange Line Metro Train for Lahore

Green Line train from Islamabad to Karachi with free wifi

Pakistan is enjoying a rare period of optimism: The Economist

Pakistan is less corrupt than last year. This is good news. What’s the bad news?


Below: Syria’s capital Damascus ranked the world’s least liveable city.

The only city in South Asia worse than Karachi is Dhaka, Bangladesh, which ranks the fourth least liveable.

ten least liveable cities


Tailpiece: As I recently wrote in The News, public-sector corruption is one thing and public neglect is another, and the latter too needs to be treated as a punishable crime, authorities or powers which are responsible for making Karachi a liveable city needs to be made accountable.

As for future improvement, the EIU makes it bare for authorities on how to improve for 2017 Liveability ranking. Pick the five categories above. See where our score is lacking. Gather the official team in each area. Give them targets and KPIs and a deadline. And that’s it. Whether through reward or fear of punishment, they need to make this city liveable. No less.

The same goes for the private sector too. Where their role is concerned, they need to be facilitated and encouraged for setting up facilities in sports, education and health.

Can we do better in next year’s Liveability ranking?

Download the EIU’s 2016 Liveability Ranking and Overview summary report here.


Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

Wali on The Pakistan 2050 Opportunity

Wali on Pakistan of future

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

How we messed up Pakistan: A series by Wali

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

What Pakistan needs is not education but a Project Ignorance

Wali on The Pakistan 2050 Opportunity

The Pakistan 2050 Opportunity Wali Zahid

Depending on who you speak to, Pakistanis have a varying degree of pessimism about their country’s future.

If you speak to young people consuming large amounts of social media content – Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp – usually fake, Photoshopped, made-up numbers and facts, you will see all their anger in one direction – failing politicians.

If you speak to those addicted to TV talk shows, their worries again relate to corrupt politicians; more recently, the Panama Leaks.

If you speak to the elite – academic, social, civil service, business – they complain about lack of institutions. This is the long-established national narrative.

What Pakistan needs is not education but a Project Ignorance

Their complaints being valid, none of them have an idea of the potential the Pakistan of future presents. You can blame this absence of future orientation on electronic and print media. No TV channel is running talk shows, programmes or documentaries on the Pakistan Rising story.

Data about our national culture too points in this direction: We rank bottom on both Future Orientation Index (FOL, based on a billion Google searches by UK’s Warwick University) and Long Term Orientation (LTO) of Finnish Geert-Hofstede Center.

How future oriented are we?

The question is why not start thinking about the future – now?

What’s good about Pakistan

There are several things going in our favour. Seven things stand out:

1. Global ranking in 2050

Economically, in a couple of decades, Pakistan is set to become the world’s 18th largest economy. Today, Pakistan is the 40th largest with a GDP of $270 billion. According to Goldman Sachs, it’ll be a $3.5 trillion economy by 2050.

Pakistan will surpass today’s giant economies of Saudi Arabia, Iran, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia and Taiwan. If governed well, Pakistan could easily leave Italy, Canada and Egypt behind in 2050 ranking.

Pakistan is now world’s 40th largest economy

2. Economic growth rates

According to Harvard University’s Center for International Development (CID), Pakistan’s predicted annual GDP growth rate for the next 10 years is 5.07%. This is higher than Malaysia (4.89%), Indonesia (4.82%), Turkey (4.66%), China (4.28%), UAE (2.16%), Saudi Arabia (2.20%) and Sri Lanka (3.57%).

Harvard predicts Pakistan GDP to grow by 5% over next 10 years

According to London’s The Economist magazine, Pakistan is world’s fifth and Muslim world’s number 1 fastest-growing economy – ahead of Indonesia, Malaysia, Turkey and Egypt.

Pakistan is the world’s fastest-growing Muslim economy: The Economist

Next May’s reclassification of Pakistan into MSCI Emerging-Markets status is set to open up new avenues of capital inflows. BMI Research’s 2016 inclusion of Pakistan among top 10 fastest growing countries too indicate the trend.

Pakistan to upgrade to emerging-market status

3. Fast-pace infrastructure development

If the current PMLN government of Nawaz Sharif is known for one thing, it’s infrastructure development and mass transit systems.

In their current tenure, federal and provincial government in Punjab have established a network of motorways and highways and Metro bus systems in Lahore (Rs 30 billion), Rawalpindi-Islamabad (Rs 45 billion) and Multan (Rs 31 billion).

Naya Pakistan: Travel from Pindi to Islamabad in 20¢ in wifi-ed AC bus

Add to this the planned Rs 17 billion Green Bus service in Karachi and Rs 154 billion Orange Train in Lahore.

Rs 154B Orange Line Metro Train for Lahore

Groundbreaking of Karachi’s Green Line Bus project

The government is also paying serious attention to rehabilitation of Pakistan Railways with new service like Islamabad-Karachi Green Line Train and upgrading of railway tracks for higher-speed trains.

Green Line train from Islamabad to Karachi with free wifi

4. CPEC

The thrust of infrastructure development will pick up game-changing pace when the $46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects in energy and rail & road construction start taking shape.

The four-phase, fast-track work on three routes connecting Kashgar and Gwadar is in progress to get an early harvest by 2018 and complete the fourth phase by 2030.

$46B China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: 15 years, 3 routes, 51 projects

The CPEC will give us Pakistan’s biggest, 4,800-acre airport at a cost of Rs 22 billion and a world-class port in Gwadar, leased to the Chinese for 43 years.

But remember, CPEC is only a means, not an end. It’s a corridor; depends on what we do with it.

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects pick up pace

5. TAPI & IP Gas megaprojects

Other mega projects include the $7.6 billion, 1,800km TAPI gas pipeline connecting four countries, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India, set to be operational by 2018.

$7.6B 1,800km TAPI gas pipeline to be operational in 2018

Now that the Western sanctions on Iran have been lifted, revival of Rs 1 trillion, 2,775km Iran-Pakistan Gas pipeline (IP Gas) and LNG smart gas projects could back be on the cards, with potential bilateral trade reaching $5 billion annually in five years.

Is trade with post-sanctions Iran another Godsend after China?

5. China’s OBOR ambition

The real game changer in our part of the world is Chinese President Xi Jinping’s world-reshaping ‘One Belt, One Road’ (OBOR). Under $225 billion OBOR, a ‘Silk Road Economic Belt’ through Central Asia and a ‘21st Century Maritime Silk Road’ through Southeast and South Asia are being planned.

With a parade, China announces itself as the next superpower: TIME

You can imagine the OBOR scale by the fact that $46 billion CPEC is just one of six planned economic corridors. Add to this the oil and gas pipelines and rail & road networks covering all of Asia, Africa and Europe.

China’s world-reshaping One Belt, One Road (OBOR)

6. The population advantage

Stereotypically, we had been told that a large population in an illiterate country is a burden, a liability. If we look closely at the top 20 economies by 2050, they all share one thing: large populations. It’s no longer possible to be at the big table without the domestic consumers.

China (1.3B), India (1.2B), Indonesia (260M), Brazil (210M), Nigeria (185M) and Russia (145M) will make the 2050 cut precisely because of these numbers. In spite of their current strengths, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia and Taiwan will be deprived of their current ranking because of this very reason.

What the world will be like in year 2100

Pakistan too will benefit from population. Currently the sixth most populous country (same 6th rank also in 2050), Pakistan’s population will increase from current 189 million to 245 million in 2030, 310 million in 2050 and 364 million in 2100.

Pakistan 6th most populous country now and in 2050

7. Our GPS

This is our biggest, but understated, advantage. We are in what I may call the centre of the future world. In 2050, China will be world’s number 1 economy (GDP $53 trillion) and India number 3 (GDP $25 trillion).

Pakistan is the only large country that borders both these economies. Even if we serve these two economies with passage or raw materials, we are going to make it big. But this will be a stupid act: of not becoming a service economy and manufacturer and exporter of value-added goods.

It’s the economy, stupid

The way forward

What is holding us from achieving the 2050 potential and the way forward to fix things? 13 points. Not necessarily in this order:

Domestic terrorism

Until recently, terrorism was the biggest threat to us. In 2014, Pakistan was the fifth most-affected country by terrorism with 4,000 – 2,211 among them civilian – deaths. A year ago, we were the third most-affected.

Pakistan ranks 5th in terrorism-affected countries list

Data since 2015 suggests that there is a marked decrease in levels of explosive violence. Pakistan’s civilian governments, supported by the security establishment, need to make sure that terrorism is contained and minimized, if not eliminated.

The prevalence of terrorism hinders foreign direct investment (FDI), too. In 2015, Pakistan attracted less than a billion-dollar of FDI. Our neighbour India received $1.2 billion FDI every week. Yes. Every week. $63 billion total in 2015 alone.

It’s the economy, stupid

The terrorism is also one reason we see so fewer foreign tourists on our soil – which is a usual sight in any other civilized country in the world.

Entanglement with neighbours

Ties with our neighbours are far from functional. The Global Peace Index ranks us as 9th least peaceful country in the world. India, Iran and Afghanistan are making leaps economically.

The Cold-War-era security imperative or interstate wars have given the front row to economy. All trends suggest that there may not be a war ever between two countries.

It’s time for Pakistan to engage with neighbours on an economic front as their and our interests overlap in trade.

As S Asia ups economic game, Pakistan risks falling behind: WSJ. The question is why?

My own prediction is that whether some stakeholders like it or not, our ties with neighbours are going to get better over time – whether we choose to, or we are made to – under global / Chinese compulsion, resulting in massive economic opportunity.

While we are fixing our issues with neighbours, it’s important to mend ties with Bangladesh. Bangladesh houses many businesses which are led by Pakistanis. Visa restrictions in the face of standoff only means our loss.

The worldview of us

It could not get any worse. Pakistani nationality is now ranked as the second least valuable in the world after Afghanistan.

Pakistani nationality ranks second least valuable in the world

In a 2016 Quality of Nationality Index (QNI) ranking of 161 nations, our passport is the second worst, with fewer than 25 unknown countries willing to grant us visa-free entry or allow us visa-on-arrival travel.

Pakistani passport ranked second worst for international travel

Again, for a nation of this economic potential, it does not make sense to have this kind of travel restriction for its citizens who need to do business all over the world.

Politically fragile climate

Pakistan ranks 14th on the Fragile States Index 2016. The civil-military tension and need for control on foreign policy and CPEC may mean this is likely to persist in coming years. The political governments will continue to feel insecure in the face of military pressure for more space and control on resources.

Pakistan ranks 13 on Fragile States Index

In political stability, a UN index ranks Pakistan worst in the world

Extremism and group violence

Our society is infested with all shades of extremism and group violence. You see its expression on TV talk shows, Twitter, Facebook and on streets every day. All sense of moderation has purposefully been eliminated.

The Sultan Rahi Syndrome: Messed-up Pakistan Series 2

The government needs to work on this. We need to deal with each other with civility. All public expression of encouraging people to use group violence needs to be punishable.

Governance challenges

There are serious challenges facing our civilian institutions.

  • Police needs to be reformed and upgraded so it can deal with crime effectively and also handle terrorism-related incidents and protect the lives of citizens during mass protests. It is critical that they are recruited fresh and trained in a new fashion to serve citizens and not to make money out of citizen misery or just to serve their masters.

Police upgrading is also necessary to save military from being required to manage crowds and terror targets and other civil emergencies.

  • Civil service too is in need of dire reform. In fact, our entire national work ethic – lack of efficiency, lack of customer-orientation, lack of quality-orientation – needs to be reformed. The push needs to come from the top. It’s only when the Prime Minister and his / her cabinet members demonstrate these functioning behaviours, will a new national ethic emerge.

In the game of competing for global resources, executive speed and real-time decision-making is a no-brainer. FDI can be pulled to many destinations.

  • Judiciary needs to find ways to manage a million+ case backlog, establish a new case management system and discourage frivolous litigation. For a country set to become 18th largest economy, current judicial management practices can only be a put-down. Judiciary also needs to deal with some elements who consider themselves above the law. On merit. With courage.

Will Pakistan’s courts ever find ways to deliver speedy justice?

Ease of Doing Business

A related challenge is our low, 138th ranking on World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index. We need to fix this – both for the Chinese and everyone else bringing in their FDI and also for local enterprises.

In World Bank’s 2016 Doing Business Report, Pakistan ranks 138

In a 2014 Pew survey, electricity shortages and crime emerged as two very big problems. The government needs to deal with both – as these impact businesses, too. Energy crisis and crime both require long-term solution, not just a quick fix.

In Pakistan, electricity shortages & crime are two biggest problems

Invisible monopolies

There are also invisible monopolies and barriers to entry – a kind of glass ceiling – for talented individuals and enterprises to break new ground. Pakistan’s stakeholders need to loosen control and let it be a free-market economy for ambitious and aspiring Pakistanis.

Under Control: Messed-up Pakistan Series Curse 3

Public-sector corruption

While our ranking on Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index has improved in 2015 – CPI score 30 with a 9-point improvement in rank and one-point increase in score – we need to inculcate both an obligation among public servants not to take bribes or kickbacks, but also create a fear of law.

Pakistan is less corrupt than last year. This is good news. What’s the bad news?

In our neighbourhood, President Xi’s China has recently sentenced two powerful generals and an ex-security chief for corruption and exchange of favours.

Chinese General, 74, sentenced to life for corruption

China’s biggest political takedown in 30 years on ex-security chief

Equally worrying is petty bribes that are rampant in our culture. We need to recreate a culture where taking or giving bribe is an exception, not a norm.

We can learn from recent systemic initiatives of comparison economies like Nigeria, India and Indonesia where corruption had been endemic.

Small change, big impact: Modi’s reforms

President Jokowi’s 9 priorities for Indonesia

Public neglect

Corruption is one thing and public neglect is another. The latter too needs to be treated as a punishable crime. Have you ever been on a road inside Sindh or its small or large cities? Or seen trash all over Karachi? Officials responsible for the upkeep of roads and picking trash need to be brought to public scrutiny and made to answer how we reached this level of shamble.

The Fraudulent Claims: Messed-up Pakistan Series 1

Social progress indices

Our low ranking on Human Capital Index, Global Innovation Index, Social Progress Index, Global Competitiveness Index, etc, leaves much to be desired.

Everything about Pakistan’s competitiveness – in 10 photos

Pakistan at rock bottom in Human Capital Index 2015

The good thing about these yearly indices is that they break down key elements into an easy-to-fix prescription. Not learning from other countries and neglecting their tried and tested wisdom can only result in our own peril.

Quality of university grads

The quality of our university teaching and resultant graduates is markedly below par. Although we could be self congratulatory, none of our universities show up in global ranking and we see very little impact of these graduates on the performance of local economy.

Education and health require both urgent and long-term attention and since a lot is written about these two issues, I am leaving them for another time.

Media regulation

Our mainstream broadcast, print and social media are part of the problem, not solution. The confusion they have created among the millions of rising youth is deplorable.

Like a cartel, they have fixed all their eyes on certain types of issues – news, current affairs and entertainment programmes – as if there’s nothing else worthy of investigation and coverage. Central issues which are going to hamper or help our future growth are kept outside the spectrum.

An example: When I share optimistic data about Pakistan’s future, all my readers – affluent, senior corporate executives – respond with disbelief negating my factual, authentic data. Why? Because the mainstream media have only painted a picture of misery, gloom and hopelessness.

Perhaps there’s a need to run a Project Ignorance – to deal with misinformation on media. Misinformation too needs to become a crime punishable by law.

What Pakistan needs is not education but a Project Ignorance

Hoping that in future, data like this shouldn’t be a surprise at all – not even for a layperson.

Tailpiece: In a 2015 PEW survey, over half of Pakistanis are now optimistic about their next generation that they will be better off than them. This is a window of opportunity.

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50


This is text version of Pakistan Independence Day lead page article appeared in The News International, Pakistan’s largest-selling English-language newspaper, on 14 August 2016.


Wali Zahid is a futurist, disruptor, blogger, social media strategist, reformer, LinkedIn writer, author of iBook, Great Training in 10 Steps. He runs a #Pakistan2050 hashtag on Twitter. On walizahid.com, he’s writing a series called How We Messed Up Pakistan. As CEO of SkillCity, he coaches several Fortune-500 CEOs on leadership. He’s founder of a global movement for humanizing medical education and practice. He can be reached at Twitter @walizahid


Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

Wali on Pakistan of future

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

How we messed up Pakistan: A series by Wali

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

Project Ignorance is launched

Chinese General, 74, sentenced to life for corruption

Chinese General sentenced to life for corruption

BEIJING: A military court in China jailed for life a former top military officer for corruption, stripping him of his title of general and seizing his assets, the latest prosecution in President Xi Jinping’s drive against graft in the armed forces.

Guo Boxiong, 74, was a vice chairman of the powerful Central Military Commission until he stepped down in 2012. Last year, the government said it would prosecute him for graft.

The official Xinhua news agency said in a report also carried on the Defence Ministry website all of Guo’s “illicit money and materials” had been confiscated and turned over to the state.

Guo’s case was held behind closed doors as it involved military secrets.

Guo abused his position to help others with promotions and took “massive” bribes, either on his own or in connivance with others.

Guo admitted to his crimes, expressed regret and accepted the judgment. He would not appeal.


More on China’s internal cleaning:

China’s Communist Party bans adultery for members

10 trucks of corruption money, loot of a Chinese general

China bans actors for using drugs, prostitutes

China’s biggest political takedown in 30 years on ex-security chief


A commentary carried on the Defence Ministry’s website said the fight against graft was a “life and death” struggle for the military.

“Corruption is the greatest threat our party faces, and is the top killer of the military’s fighting ability,” it said.

Guo’s son, a major general, Guo Zhenggang, was put under investigation too, last year.

His case follows that of Xu Caihou, who was a Central Military Commission vice chairman at the same time as Guo, and died of cancer last year.

Before their retirement, the men had been two of China’s top military officers who served together under Xi’s predecessor, Hu Jintao. Xi was also a vice chairman with Guo and Xu from 2010-2012, before he became head of the party and military commission chief.


More on China’s economic & military rise & Xi Jinping:

How China overtakes the US economy

China’s world-reshaping $225B One Belt, One Road (OBOR)

With a parade, China announces itself as the next superpower: TIME

Xi Jinping: most powerful Chinese leader since Mao Zedong

The World Bank, meet your challenger: China-led AIIB

China gets highest approval from Pakistanis, Africans as world leader

Africa: Nigeria largest economy, China largest single trading partner

Hidden dragons: China’s stealth aircraft


Sources said Guo is also suffering from cancer and the military had faced a quandary over whether to put him on trial, in case he died before reaching court, like former comrade Xu.

Serving and retired officers have said graft in the armed forces is so pervasive it could undermine China’s ability to wage war. Xi has made ending military corruption a top goal.


Our reports on China-Pakistan relations:

$46B China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: 15 years, 3 routes, 51 projects

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects pick up pace


The anti-graft drive comes as Xi steps up efforts to modernise forces that are projecting power across the disputed waters of the East and South China Seas, though China has not fought a war in decades.

Source: Reuters


Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

Wali on Pakistan of future

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

How we messed up Pakistan: A series by Wali

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

Project Ignorance is launched

Eid ul Fitr 2016: How many holidays is it by country?

Eid ul Fitr 2016 - How many holidays is it by country?

Eid ul Fitr 2016: How many holidays is it by country?

Eid ul Fitr is expected on Wednesday July 6 in Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and most of the world, but holidays range from 4 days in Pakistan to 11 days in Saudi Arabia.

Public holidays

The following public holidays have been officially announced so far:

Saudi Arabia: 11-day Eid holiday, from Thursday June 30 until Sunday July 10.

Qatar: 11-day Eid holiday, from Sunday July 3 until Monday July 11, including the July 1-2 weekend.

UAE and Bangladesh: nine-day Eid holiday, from Friday July 1 until Saturday July 9.

Oman: five-day holiday, from Tuesday July 5, until Saturday July 9.

Pakistan: four-day holiday, from Tuesday July 5, until Friday July 8.

Turkey: nine-day Eid holiday, from Saturday July 2 until Sunday July 10.

Source: Al Jazeera


Eid ul Fitr 2016 moon

Shawwal (Eid ul Fitr) moon visibility. via Moonsighting


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Fasting hours around the world

When is Ramadan in Pakistan & Saudi Arabia 2016

No. Australia won’t let you in if you think: Oh, it’s only 10-hour fast there: Satire

Please like our Facebook page: Prophet Muhammad as Leader (SAW)

Have you seen this yet?: Leadership of Muhammad (SAW): Lessons for CEOs


See also: 

Makkah to have world’s largest & tallest hotel – in 2 years

Saudi Arabia is building the world’s tallest tower

The Ummah Card: Messed-up Pakistan Series 4

Wali on Pakistan of future

The Bahrain side not many people know of

Pakistan world’s 14th most fragile country

Fragile States Index 2016 Pakistan

Pakistan has ranked 14th on the Fragile States Index 2016. Pakistan score is 101.7 out of possible 120. A higher score reflects poor ranking.

In 2015 and 2014, Pakistan ranking was 13 and 10 respectively.

Finland became least fragile with 178 ranking, with Norway and New Zealand following at 177 and 176.

According to Business Insider, Pakistan’s fragility has marginally weakened over the past year as the nation faces significant challenges with group grievances, security concerns and external interventions. The nation is host to almost one million internally displaced persons, nearly 3 million refugees from Afghanistan, ongoing extremism, terrorist attacks, US-led drone strikes and a simmering separatist movement in Balochistan.

Of the 12 criteria, Pakistan’s worst score is in Group Grievance (9.7) and least worse is in Uneven Development (7.0).

In South Asia, we are ranked the worst. Screen shots above and below.

About Fragile States Index 2016

According to Foreign Policy: For 12 years, the Fragile States Index (FSI), created by the Fund for Peace and published by Foreign Policy, has taken stock of the year’s events, using 12 social, economic, and political indicators to analyze how wars, peace accords, environmental calamities, and political movements have pushed countries toward stability or closer to the brink of collapse.

The index then ranks the countries accordingly, from most fragile to least.


See also, some other indices on Pakistan:

Pakistani nationality ranks second least valuable in the world

Everything about Pakistan’s competitiveness – in 10 photos

Pakistan 15th most powerful military in the world

In World Bank’s 2016 Doing Business Report, Pakistan ranks 138

Pakistan at rock bottom in Human Capital Index 2015

Pakistan ranks 5th in terrorism-affected countries list

As S Asia ups economic game, Pakistan risks falling behind: WSJ. The question is why?

Pakistan #106 in Good Country Index

Fragile States Index 2016 least fragile 25

Above: The top 25 countries which are least fragile (Finland 178, best; United States 159). To see full listing, click here.


Defining the 12 Indicators

  • DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURES: Concerns related to population, such as food scarcity, population growth, and mortality rates; REFUGEES AND INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS: Concerns associated with population displacement and refugees; GROUP GRIEVANCE: Tensions and violence among groups within the state; HUMAN FLIGHT AND BRAIN DRAIN: Levels of migration out of the country including, but not limited to, the flight of refugees and educated individuals; UNEVEN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: Disparities in development among different ethnic and religious groups and among regions within the state; POVERTY AND ECONOMIC DECLINE: Poverty rates and economic performance; STATE LEGITIMACY: Corruption and other measures of democratic capacity, such as government performance and electoral process; PUBLIC SERVICES: Provision of education, health care, sanitation, and other services; HUMAN RIGHTS AND RULE OF LAW: The protection and promotion of human rights; SECURITY APPARATUS: Internal conflict and the proliferation of nonstate armed groups; FACTIONALIZED ELITESConflict and competition among local and national leaders; EXTERNAL INTERVENTION: Levels of foreign assistance as well as imposed interventions, such as sanctions or military invasion.

Fragile States Index 2016 criteria


Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

Wali on Pakistan of future

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

How we messed up Pakistan: A series by Wali

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

Project Ignorance is launched


Other notable countries (our neighbours, top economies in 2050) and their Fragility ranking in 2016 and (2015):

Nepal 33 (36)

Bangladesh 36 (32)

Sri Lanka 43 (34)

Egypt 38 (38)

Iran 47 (44)

Russia 65 (65)

India 70 (68)

Turkey 79 (90)

China 86 (83)

Indonesia 86 (88)

Saudi Arabia 97 (101)

Malaysia 115 (115)

United Arab Emirates 145 (144)

USA 159 (158)

Canada 169 (168)

One trend can be picked up from the above rankings:

Sri Lanka improved by 9 points, while Turkey fell by 11 points.


Fragile States Index 2016 most fragile 15


Pakistan: The brighter side:

Harvard predicts Pakistan GDP to grow by 5% over next 10 years

Forbes calls Pakistan the next Colombia success story, asks US to see beyond security lens

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects pick up pace

$46B China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: 15 years, 3 routes, 51 projects

$7.6B 1,800km TAPI gas pipeline to be operational in 2018

Bloomberg on Pakistan’s economic revival, construction boom

Naya Pakistan: Travel from Pindi to Islamabad in 20¢ in wifi-ed AC bus

Rs 154B Orange Line Metro Train for Lahore

Green Line train from Islamabad to Karachi with free wifi

Groundbreaking of Karachi’s Green Line Bus project

Pakistan is enjoying a rare period of optimism: The Economist

Pakistan is less corrupt than last year. This is good news. What’s the bad news?

Pakistan world’s least expensive country: World Bank

Comparing the Pakistan & Afghanistan military power

There are escalating skirmishes on Pakistan-Afghanistan border. A Pakistani army major – Major Ali Jawad Changezi – has succumbed to injuries received yesterday in firing from across the Torkham border on Monday.

We do not know yet if the conflict will intensify or there will be effort for normalcy.

Check current status in this Reuters story.

Below is a comparison of both militaries’s current capabilities and available firepower for 2016. Courtesy: Global Firepower Index.

Pakistan 2016 | Global rank: 13

Pakistan 13th most powerful military in the world

Full Pakistan listing here.


Afghanistan 2016 | Global rank: 66

Afghanistan 66th most powerful military in the world

Full Afghanistan listing here.


See also:

Pakistan 15th most powerful military in the world

Nuclear warheads down worldwide, up in South Asia

JF-17 Thunder continues to make buzz at Paris air show

Invading Switzerland? Try Before 8 or After 5

UK to build permanent naval base in Bahrain

Pakistan ranks 5th in terrorism-affected countries list

Karachi airport attack ‘humiliating security breach for army, spy service’: NYT


Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

Wali on Pakistan of future

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

Project Ignorance is launched

Pakistani nationality ranks second least valuable in the world

Pakistani nationality is second least valuable in Quality of Nationality Index

It could not get any worse.

Pakistani nationality is ranked as the second least valuable nationality in the world after Afghanistan.

Pakistani nationality now ranks only second to Afghanistan in a Quality of Nationality Index (QNI) ranking of 161 nations of the world on ‘External Value of Nationality’ measure.

The QNI list is released by consultancy Henley & Partners every year.

Our ‘General QNI’ ranking is 153 out of 161, which makes us world’s 9th least valuable nationality. As a comparison, even Myanmar (formerly Burma) is ahead of us at 143.

In ‘Travel Freedom’ measure, our score is second from the bottom. See this: Pakistani passport ranked second worst for international travel


See also, some other indices on Pakistan:

Everything about Pakistan’s competitiveness – in 10 photos

Pakistan 15th most powerful military in the world

In World Bank’s 2016 Doing Business Report, Pakistan ranks 138

Pakistan at rock bottom in Human Capital Index 2015

Pakistan ranks 5th in terrorism-affected countries list

Pakistan ranks 14th on Fragile States Index 2016

As S Asia ups economic game, Pakistan risks falling behind: WSJ. The question is why?

Pakistan #106 in Good Country Index


Below is our General QNI ranking over the past five years:

Pakistani nationality is second least valuable General_QNI

You can see how continuously every year, we slipped into more isolation, with world not wanting to do anything with us.

If there are any individuals, think-tanks or institutions watching this, they may need to consider where we are heading and what message of low self esteem we are giving to the next generations of Pakistanis.

See also our External Value of Nationality score over the past five years:

Pakistani nationality is second least valuable External_Value_of_Nationality


Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

Wali on Pakistan of future

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

How we messed up Pakistan: A series by Wali

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

Project Ignorance is launched


Germany tops the world ranking

According to a report, the QNI top spot out of 161 nations went to Germany. The country scored high for its stability, the health, education and standard of living enjoyed by its citizens, and the ease with which Germans can move, work and settle in other stable economies.

Internal factors

The report takes into account “internal factors” such as a country’s human development (measured using the UNDP Human Development Index that ranks countries on health, education and standard of living); its economic strength (a country’s GDP measured at purchasing power, as determined by the IMF); and its levels of peace and stability (based on figures from the annual Global Peace Index).

External factors

The “external factors” it considered include the freedom of both traveling to and settling in a country. The QNI also used measures of “diversity of travel freedom” – that is, the number of destinations that a nation’s citizens can travel to without needing a visa.

European nations dominated the top 20 spots. The UK came in at 11th place – and the consultancy estimates that the country would fall to 30th place if it leaves the EU.

In 28th place is the United States. It ranked highly for its economic strength and levels of human development, but fell down on peace and stability, owing to the country’s mid-level ranking on the Global Peace Index.


Other neighboring country ranks:

China 60

India 102

Bhutan 115

Iran 127

Sri Lanka 129

Nepal 135

Bangladesh 138


Pakistan: The brighter side:

Harvard predicts Pakistan GDP to grow by 5% over next 10 years

Forbes calls Pakistan the next Colombia success story, asks US to see beyond security lens

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects pick up pace

$46B China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: 15 years, 3 routes, 51 projects

Pakistan is the world’s fastest-growing Muslim economy: The Economist

$7.6B 1,800km TAPI gas pipeline to be operational in 2018

Bloomberg on Pakistan’s economic revival, construction boom

Next year, Pakistan may upgrade to emerging-market status: WSJ

Naya Pakistan: Travel from Pindi to Islamabad in 20¢ in wifi-ed AC bus

Rs 154B Orange Line Metro Train for Lahore

Green Line train from Islamabad to Karachi with free wifi

Groundbreaking of Karachi’s Green Line Bus project

No ordinary day as international cricket returns to Pakistan

Pakistan is enjoying a rare period of optimism: The Economist

Pakistan is less corrupt than last year. This is good news. What’s the bad news?

Pakistan world’s least expensive country: World Bank

Peshawar is the world’s second most polluted city

Peshawar in KPK is the world's second most polluted city

Pakistani city Peshawar in KPK is the world’s second most polluted city, according to a World Economic Forum (WEF) report, released today.

The 2016 ranking of 20 most polluted cities in the world is done by World Health Organisation (WHO). It is based on Urban Ambient Air Pollution database of 3,000 cities. The data on air quality was collected between 2011 and 2015.

Besides Peshawar (at No 2), two other Pakistani cities have ranked in the worst Top 20. They are Rawalpindi (No 4) and Karachi (No 14).


See also: Which country has the worst air pollution? Hint: Pakistan


Onitsha in Nigeria is the world’s most polluted city. The ranking highlights three more cities from Nigeria: Kaduna, Aba and Umuahia.

India’s three cities are featured in this ranking: Gwalior, Allahabad and Rajpur. One Chinese city makes it to the list.


Related: 

Pakistan, Afghanistan only two remaining polio endemic countries

Air pollution causes 7 million deaths

91% Pakistanis have access to drinking water: Unicef/WHO

Pakistan 65th most vulnerable country to face climate change

High temp, low air pressure, high humidity, absent wind behind heatwave deaths

Karachi to be 7th largest megacity by 2030: UN

What the world will be like in year 2100

In a few years, people may live up to 100 years

The world’s most spoken languages

World’s largest economies at a glance; Pakistan 43rd

Pakistan 6th most populous country now and in 2050

2050: What if cities ruled the world?

Africa: Nigeria largest economy, China largest single trading partner


Saudi Arabia’s Riyadh, Al Jubail and Dammam fall in top most polluted cities. Bahrain’s two cities are also included.

Iran does not fall behind. It’s two cities, Zabol and Boshehr are included in the list.

Our neighbour Afghanistan’s two cities – Mazar-e-Sharif and Kabul make it to top 20.


Pakistan: The brighter side:

Harvard predicts Pakistan GDP to grow by 5% over next 10 years

Forbes calls Pakistan the next Colombia success story, asks US to see beyond security lens

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects pick up pace

$46B China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: 15 years, 3 routes, 51 projects

Pakistan is the world’s fastest-growing Muslim economy: The Economist

$7.6B 1,800km TAPI gas pipeline to be operational in 2018

Bloomberg on Pakistan’s economic revival, construction boom

Next year, Pakistan may upgrade to emerging-market status: WSJ

Naya Pakistan: Travel from Pindi to Islamabad in 20¢ in wifi-ed AC bus

Rs 154B Orange Line Metro Train for Lahore

Green Line train from Islamabad to Karachi with free wifi

Groundbreaking of Karachi’s Green Line Bus project

No ordinary day as international cricket returns to Pakistan

Pakistan is enjoying a rare period of optimism: The Economist

Pakistan is less corrupt than last year. This is good news. What’s the bad news?

Pakistan world’s least expensive country: World Bank


The worst-20 ranking includes six countries from our neighbourhood: South Asia and Middle East (Pakistan, India, Iran, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain).

Only Nigeria in Africa matches our region in the capacity to create pollution levels.


See also, some other indices on Pakistan:

Pakistani passport ranked second worst for international travel

Everything about Pakistan’s competitiveness – in 10 photos

Pakistan 15th most powerful military in the world

In World Bank’s 2016 Doing Business Report, Pakistan ranks 138

Pakistan at rock bottom in Human Capital Index 2015

Pakistan ranks 5th in terrorism-affected countries list

Pakistan ranks 14th on Fragile States Index 2016

As S Asia ups economic game, Pakistan risks falling behind: WSJ. The question is why?

Pakistan #106 in Good Country Index


The latest WHO urban air quality data of 3,000 cities, collected between 2011 and 2015, reveals that 98% of cities with over 100,000 inhabitants in low- and middle-income countries do not meet WHO air quality guidelines.


Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

Wali on Pakistan of future

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

How we messed up Pakistan: A series by Wali

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

Project Ignorance is launched

When is Ramadan in Pakistan & Saudi Arabia 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Pakistan and Saudi Arabia?

The first of Ramadan 1437/2016 in Saudi Arabia is on Monday 6 June.

In Pakistan, first of Ramadan is on Tuesday 7 June.

All dates are an estimation as new moon sighting committees in Muslim countries announce the date of new lunar month.

When is Ramadan moon in Pakistan & Saudi Arabia 2016

5 June: Some visibility in Americas.

When is Ramadan in Pakistan & Saudi Arabia 2016

6 June: The moon can be easily seen in the whole world.

The above graphics of crescent-moon’s visibility can be visually very helpful.

Courtesy: Moonsighting for Ramadan


See also: 

Fasting hours around the world

No. Australia won’t let you in if you think: Oh, it’s only 10-hour fast there: Satire

Please like our Facebook page: Prophet Muhammad as Leader (SAW)

Have you seen this yet?: Leadership of Muhammad (SAW): Lessons for CEOs


When is Ramadan 2016 in Pakistan

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Saudi Arabia 

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016


When is Ramadan 2016 in Bangladesh

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Sri Lanka

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in India 

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Afghanistan 

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Iran

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016


When is Ramadan 2016 in Abu Dhabi UAE

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Dubai UAE

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Oman

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Bahrain

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Qatar

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Kuwait 

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Iraq

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Libya

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Syria

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Yemen

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Egypt 

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Tunisia

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Jordan

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Palestine

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016


When is Ramadan 2016 in London, UK

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Paris, France 

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Berlin, Germany 

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Spain

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Turkey

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Russia

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016


When is Ramadan 2016 in Indonesia

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Malaysia

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Thailand

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Singapore

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in South Korea

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Mauritius

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016


When is Ramadan 2016 in South Africa

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Nigeria

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Kenya

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Sudan

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016


When is Ramadan 2016 in USA

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

When is Ramadan 2016 in Canada 

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016


Other Countries: 6 June

Austria, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Greece, Ireland, Japan, Brunei, Lebanon

– First Day 6 June 2016     – Last Day 5 July 2016

Other Countries: 7 June

Australia, New Zealand, China

– First Day 7 June 2016     – Last Day 6 July 2016


Ramadan 2016 and 2017

Ramadan, Eidul Fitr and Eidul Adha 2016, 2017 and 2018 according to Saudi calendar.


See also: 

Fasting hours around the world

Leadership of Muhammad (SAW): Lessons for CEOs

Makkah to have world’s largest & tallest hotel – in 2 years

Saudi Arabia is building the world’s tallest tower

The Ummah Card: Messed-up Pakistan Series 4

Pakistan is the world’s fastest-growing Muslim economy: The Economist

Wali on Pakistan of future

The Bahrain side not many people know of

How China overtakes the US economy

The United States has had the world’s biggest economy for 140 years, but the International Monetary Fund now ranks China as the world’s largest economy.

We examine the differences between the two economies in this Infographic (size: 1MB) by Dennis Wong. – SCMP

China overtakes the US economy

Infographic by Dennis Wong in South China Morning Post


Our reports on China-Pakistan relations:

$46B China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: 15 years, 3 routes, 51 projects

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects pick up pace


More on China’s economic & military rise & Xi Jinping:

China’s world-reshaping $225B One Belt, One Road (OBOR)

With a parade, China announces itself as the next superpower: TIME

Xi Jinping: most powerful Chinese leader since Mao Zedong

The World Bank, meet your challenger: China-led AIIB

BRICS bank an alternative to World Bank/IMF?

China gets highest approval from Pakistanis, Africans as world leader

Africa: Nigeria largest economy, China largest single trading partner

Pakistan 15th most powerful military in the world

Number of nuclear warheads down worldwide, up in S Asia

Hidden dragons: China’s stealth aircraft


More on China’s internal cleaning:

China’s Communist Party bans adultery for members

10 trucks of corruption money, loot of a Chinese general

China bans actors for using drugs, prostitutes

China’s biggest political takedown in 30 years on ex-security chief


world's biggest public companies 2016

One early indicator of the above: According to the Forbes 2016 ranking of world’s biggest public companies:

Four of world’s six biggest public companies are Chinese:

1 ICBC
2 China Construction Bank
3 Agricultural Bank of China
6 Bank of China


The world we live in:

What the world will be like in year 2100

In a few years, people may live up to 100 years

The world’s most spoken languages

World’s largest economies at a glance; Pakistan 43rd

Pakistan 6th most populous country now and in 2050


Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

Wali on Pakistan of future

A miracle: Pakistan score in Long Term Orientation goes from Zero to 50

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

How we messed up Pakistan: A series by Wali

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

Project Ignorance is launched


Also: When Chinese Leadership style meets Pakistani: Wali’s Talk PPt for China Mobile/Zong strategy team