What India’s Modi did or didn’t achieve at BRICS Summit


Wali Zahid

I just got back from a PTV News live show on BRICS Summit on how India upped the game of using diplomatic channels to isolate Pakistan internationally.

As I tweeted the proceeding of the Summit over the weekend, many asked me for my take on the issue as well.

As an independent analyst, here’s a brief description of how I saw things. With some background info added.

Watch clips from this show at our YouTube channel: Wali Zahid


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BRICS Summit in Goa, India

The 8th BRICS Summit (15-16 October 2016) just ended in Goa, India.

Heads of five countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – attended.

The attendees were: Brazilian President Michel Temer, Chinese President Xi Jingping, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Russian President Vladimir Putin and South African President Jacob Zuma (photo below).

These are the next most important nations of the world after the G-7 countries.

The five nations have a joint GDP of $16 trillion.


How Indian PM Modi used this summit

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi used this occasion (actually a development and economic summit, program below) to demonise Pakistan for its alleged backing of cross-border terrorism, something that Pakistan foreign office denies.

Pakistan is ‘mother-ship of terrorism‘ was the mantra here (Reuters headline above), which at the UNGA 2016 meeting was: Pakistan is the ‘Ivy League of terrorism’. Funny soundbites.


So, how did this BRICS Summit fare for Pakistan?

A. What did India’s PM Modi achieve in BRICS Summit at Goa?

  • Was able to internationalise the terrorism issue in bilateral and multilateral meetings and his inaugural address: Pakistan ‘mother-ship of terrorism’ was the global headline that day.
  • Was able to successfully turn the world’s eyes away from Kashmir human-rights violations, pellet guns and deaths of Kashmiris at the hands of security forces.
  • Was able to warm up Russian ties, with $6.5 billion (INR 430 billion) worth of defence and nuclear energy deals.
  • The final 109-para Goa declaration had five paras on terrorism alone.
  • Pushed for expediting Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) in the UNGA, a demand that was dropped in 2015 Ufa summit, without further delay.
  • After Indian pullout from the 28 September Saarc Summit in Islamabad (Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan followed suit), countries in Bay of Bengal bloc given fresh beginning.
  • A fresh minus-Pakistan impetus of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (Bimstec). The seven countries are: India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand and Sri Lanka.

Have you seen CPEC stories on this blog?

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: A timeline

16 CPEC projects in Balochistan, 8 in KPK: Chinese Embassy

Chinese Embassy shares progress on CPEC projects

40 CPEC projects in 4 photos & 60 seconds

CPEC projects being completed at fast pace

CPEC gets 4-layer security as Gwadar to be weapon-free

China’s world-reshaping One Belt, One Road (OBOR)


B. What did India’s PM Modi fail to achieve in BRICS Summit at Goa?

  • Failed to muster Chinese support for Indian bid for inclusion in Nuclear Supplier Group (NSG).
  • Failed to get group consensus on adding Pakistan, cross-border terrorism, Uri attack, Pathankot attack, Pakistan-based non-state actor (NSA) like JeM (Jaish-e-Mohammad) or its chief Masood Azhar in the Goa declaration, which India wanted.
  • Failed to convince China to release ‘technical hold’ on JeM’s Masood Azhar to be designated international terrorist at UN
  • President Xi insisted to find a “political solution” to “regional hotspots” without referring to Kashmir.
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin did not mention terrorism at all.

Question for Pakistani stakeholders: Regardless of the Indian success or lack of it, how are we going to counter this narrative building against Pakistan through actions, and not mere words?

Tailpiece: It was Lord Jim O’Neill who, back in 2001, also coined term Next-11 (or N11) which included Pakistan among the top 20 economies in the world in 2050, along with BRICS and G-7.

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  1. Comprehensive evaluation of the summit with enough information attached,Indian were so far successful in waving their pro Pakistan policy however one can not Denny the fact Pakistan was successful in building relationships with Russia but in fact not that good as Indian did thier defence and nuclear deal with Russia is much better than our military exercises.however in near future I don’t see Pakistan in deep water neither in the state of isolation.Pakistan has already blocked this isolation.India however will Buzz around in the name of terrorism Pakistan needs to pull back this narrative by taking ample measure.

  2. India has failed but we have to advance and enhance out diplomatic abilities to tackle Indian propaganda’s about Pakistan and to support Kashmir cause in UN resolutions

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