One Belt One Road, OBOR China projects

22 Jan 2018: Chinese President Xi Jinping calls on Latin American countries to actively participate in Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and forge a trans-Pacific path of cooperation that links China and Latin America more closely.

Xi said this in a congratulatory message to the second ministerial meeting for the China and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) Forum, which opened in the Chilean city of Santiago. -Xinhua

23 July 2017: The OBOR/BRI investments size has reached $900 billion. It may cross $1 trillion by the end of this year. China says it will ultimately lend as much as $8 trillion for infrastructure in 68 countries.

14 May: The Belt and Road Forum (BRF) for International Cooperation was held in Beijing, China. President Xi Jinping inaugurated the BRF. Pakistani PM Sharif also spoke along with Russian President Putin and Turkish President Erdogan.

This writer attended the BRF. Thoughts here: What China signalled through OBOR Forum

12 May: PM Sharif and the four chief ministers arrive in Beijing to attend Belt and Road Forum (BRF) on 14-15 May. 29 heads of states and governments are attending, along with 1,500 delegates from all over the world (our exclusive story on BRF).

8 April: China welcomes the United States to participate in cooperation within the framework of OBOR, Chinese President Xi Jinping told his US counterpart, Donald Trump. – Xinhua

In 2016, Chinese companies’ investment in US reaches $45.6 billion, creating about 104,000 jobs.

April 2017: More than 100 countries and international organisations have joined OBOR and over 40 of them have cooperation agreements with China. Chinese businesses have helped build 56 economic and trade cooperation zones in 20 countries along OBOR, with investment exceeding $18 billion, helping generate $1 billion+ in tax revenue and 160,000+ jobs.

The OBOR, proposed by China in 2013, aims to become a trade and infrastructure network connecting Asia with Europe and Africa along ancient trade routes. For regional connectivity, China is working in aviation, power, rail, road and telecommunications projects with participating countries. – Edited from Xinhua

18 October 2015: The year 2015 is witnessing plans being put in place under Chinese President Xi Jinping’s 2013 vision for a Belt and Road Initiative.

A world-reshaping ‘One Belt, One Road’ (OBOR) has arrived. It is Globalisation 2.0.

Under OBOR, a ‘Silk Road Economic Belt’ through Central Asia, and a ’21st Century Maritime Silk Road’ through Southeast and South Asia are being planned. BRI official document here.

See OBOR in: Back to the future: Pakistan in 2050

Leveraging social media for CPEC & OBOR: A keynote by Wali at a CPEC/OBOR seminar

There are at least 116 projects being presented under OBOR (list below).

Total starting worth of these projects is: $225 billion. It could easily reach $1 trillion by end of 2017.

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One Belt, One Road OBOR

According to Center for American Progress blog, OBOR projects must meet three criteria. That the projects:

  1. were publicly proposed by China
  2. were accepted by the host country as part of the Belt and Road Initiative
  3. had designated funding from a Chinese company or the Chinese government

VIDEO: How One Belt One Road (OBOR) works. Source: CCTV

Four major takeaways about these projects:

  1. They create alternative trade routes for China to diversify and insulate its economic access.
  2. They promote the domestic economic viability of Chinese trade partners, such as Pakistan and Indonesia.
  3. They are clustered geographically in countries that already have active bilateral relationships with China and have a clear articulation of their infrastructure needs.
  4. They are supported by both Chinese companies and the Chinese government, which work in tandem to achieve the overall goals of the Belt and Road initiative.

Silk Road China

Under OBOR, six economic corridors over 65 countries are being planned. See below:

With $46 billion China investment for CPEC (China-Pakistan Economic Corridor), Pakistan is one big beneficiary of OBOR.

Six Economic Corridors, Over 60 Countries OBOR

OBOR highlights:

  • Investments in energy, transportation, communication and industrial projects across Asia, the Middle East and Europe
  • According to President Xi, within a decade, China’s annual trade with countries involved in OBOR will exceed $2.5 trillion

new silk road China

Have you seen CPEC & OBOR stories on this blog?

CPEC fact sheet: 2013-2017

16 CPEC projects in Balochistan, 8 in KPK: Chinese Embassy

Chinese Embassy shares progress on CPEC projects

3 false reports about CPEC in one day far too many?

40 CPEC projects in 4 photos & 60 seconds

CPEC gets 4-layer security as Gwadar to be weapon-free

Long Term Orientation in Pakistan: from Zero to 50 in 2 years

One Belt One Road, OBOR China countries

Above: One Belt One Road (OBOR) list of 65 countries.


More on China’s economic & military rise & Xi Jinping:

How China overtakes the US economy

With a parade, China announces itself as the next superpower: TIME

How China is viewed by Pakistan & the world

Xi Jinping: most powerful Chinese leader since Mao

The World Bank, meet your challenger: China-led AIIB

BRICS New Development Bank to increase lending to $2.5B next year

China-led SCO admits Pakistan as member in June

Africa: Nigeria largest economy, China largest single trading partner

Chinese-built Tajikistan railway, the 1st railway project in OBOR, starts operation

25 August 2016: Chinese-built Tajikistan Railway, the first railway project in One Road One Belt (OBOR) initiative, starts operation, People’s Daily China, said.

More on China’s internal cleaning:

How China punishes its powerful generals & officials for corruption

China’s Communist Party bans adultery for members

10 trucks of corruption money, loot of a Chinese general

China bans actors for using drugs, prostitutes

Life in prison for corruption for China’s most powerful security chief

China's One Belt, One Road (OBOR)

OBOR Map courtesy: The Wall Street Journal

Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series

What to expect in Pakistan in 2017

Back to the future: Pakistan in 2050

Wali on Pakistan of future

Long Term Orientation in Pakistan: from Zero to 50 in 2 years

Pakistani culture through 6-D Model

Native languages in Pakistan

How future oriented are we?

How we messed up Pakistan: A series by Wali

Pakistan’s two value crimes no one talks about

Is Whatsapp your source of info? Welcome to Project Ignorance

(160825) -- NANTONG, Aug. 25, 2016 (Xinhua) -- The first Central Asia cargo train departs from Nantong, east China's Jiangsu Province, Aug. 25, 2016. The cargo train left Nantong on Thursday for Afghanistan's Hairatan, marking the start of Central Asia freight train service. (Xinhua/Ji Chunpeng) (yxb)

8 September 2016: First cargo train from China arrives in Afghanistan’s Hairatan port in northern Balkh province. – Xinhua

Also: When Chinese Leadership style meets Pakistani: Wali’s Talk PPt for China Mobile/Zong strategy team


5 October: Chinese-built Ethiopia-Djibouti Railway is launched.

14 October: After $46B CPEC, China heads to Bangladesh with $40B in investments.

6 November: First Silk Road trans-Eurasia cargo train from China arrives in Riga, Latvia.

18 Jan 2017: First freight train from China to UK arrives in London.

East Wind locomotive, a 34-carriage Chinese freight train, arrives at Barking rail freight terminal in east London.

It is a first train to make the 18-day, 9-country, 12,000km journey from Yiwu in west China to Britain, reviving the ancient trading Silk Road route and shunting in a new era of UK-China relations.

The train left Yiwu on 2 Jan and passed through China, Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France before crossing under the Channel and arriving in the east end of London at Barking.

The new train, which starts to run weekly while demand is tested, is part of China’s One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative, designed to open up the old Silk Road routes and bring new trade opportunities.

China Railway has already begun rail services to 14 European cities including Madrid and Hamburg.

Yiwu’s streets are among the most cosmopolitan in the world, full of traders from Colombia, Afghanistan, Kurdistan, Pakistan, India, Syria, Angola and Ukraine, and could now be attracting a few from the UK as well.

In Barking there was great excitement over the arrival of the East Wind, the name of which references the Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong, who famously said: “The east wind will prevail over the west wind.”

In the 21st century, China has become the world’s biggest exporter, with the export of goods totalling $2.28 trillion in 2015. -News reports

1 March 2017: China’s Chengdu starts freight trains to Belarus. It plans 150 freight trains to countries such as Belarus, Russia, Lithuania this year.

2 April 2017: China-Europe new freight train linking Xi’an with Budapest, Hungary, starts operation from 1 April.

10 April 2017: Silk Road train sets off on first UK to China rail freight journey.

29 April 2017: First China-Britain freight train returns to China carrying 32 containers of UK-made products

5 June: New freight train route opens between NE China and Belarus, cutting transportation time of sea route by half

9 June: A 198-seat passenger train left NW China’s Xinjiang for Kazakhstan, second of its kind between the countries.

17 June: First freight train from China’s Changsha arrives in Budapest

  • Noreen Safdar

    Very well written and good information shared….Thanks Sir Wali! !!

  • Rehana Rafiq

    a well informed article.

  • Kamran

    It’s amazing vision for the region. God bless us

  • Brig. Anwar ul Haq (Retd)

    Very well written and explained. Thanx.

  • Deepak Bista

    Nepal very much looks forward to be a very part of this silk road network and hopes to a player between China and South Asia. And hopefully Nepal will benefit from this grand project and network!