Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nigeria 3 polio endemic countries
Updated: 13 November 2016
The Ministry of National Health Services (NHS) said the country has witnessed a 62 percent drop in polio cases during the current year.
A 55 percent reduction has also been noted, with the number of children missed for vaccination falling below 1 percent compared to last year’s 1.5 percent.
Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria are the only three remaining polio endemic countries in the world. Year to date, there were 34 polio cases in these three countries.
More than half of 2016 polio cases – 18 – are from Pakistan.
In 2015, the number of polio cases worldwide was 74.
Polio in Pakistan
As of 9 December 2016, the total number of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases for 2016 was 18 in 13 districts.
In 2015, there were 54 polio cases in Pakistan.
The breakdown of Pakistan polio cases in 2016 are:
Punjab & GB 0
KPK alone has half the polio cases as the rest of the country.
Pakistan polio eradication campaign has come a long way since the early 1990’s. A graphic below:
Still, violence against polio campaign is one major reason why polio could not be eradicated from Pakistan.
In 2015 alone, 16 polio workers were affected in 37 incidents. 11 of them were killed.
Here are 2015 statistics of violence against polio campaign from reliefweb:
Polio in Afghanistan
In bordering Afghanistan, the total number of WPV1 cases for 2016 was 12.
The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 11 August in Paktika province, close to the border with Pakistan. In 2015: 20 polio cases.
Polio in Nigeria
Polio reemerged in Nigeria after polio was wiped out in 2014.
In Nigeria, the total number of WPV1 cases for 2016 was four.
The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 21 August. In 2015: 1 polio case.
24 October 2016: What TIME magazine wrote on World Polio Day 2016
Polio case breakdown by country below. Full polio updates here.
You can also check out ReliefWeb for updated stats.
Do not miss our Understanding Pakistan Series